Abu Simbel

Abu Simbel Is a small city located by the lake Naser near the southern border of Egypt almost 50 km.s. of the Sudanese northern borders at the ancient area of Nubia .it took its fame after the great rock-cut two temples that back to the time of the famous Pharoah RamessesII which considered as a miracle of architecture of the pharaohs .

there are many theories about the choice of this location by RamssesII so it may be choosing to show his existence at Nubia which where the gold mines were located or to scare animes who may attach the southern borders but the logic theory was to defy himself in that area.

The two temples were covered & left abandoned for about 2000 years till the Italian Belzoni had discovered them on his return from Sudan.

these two temples are unique not because they are the only rock-cut  temples in Egypt, but also the strange annual  phenomenon  happens up till now as the sun rays parapedicular  illuminate the statues of the owner Ramesses II & the other gods at the innermost sanctuary for 70 meters twice a year(maybe these 2 days were the birth & the coronation days of RamessesII) .

when Egypt started to build the High Dam 1960 A.D. the whole Nubian area expected to be submerged under the Lake Naser which stretched between Egypt & Sudan for 500 k.ms. that led the Unesco to send an international appeal for the world free states to share in the Rescue of too many temples especially those 2 temples of Abu Simbel for which 50 international companies were met at Switzerland. using the modern technology techniques will well done planes they managed to move these 2 temples to their now location 200 meters away from &55 meters above .whiche ensure that great rescue process that the phenomenon of the sun still illuminates the statues at the sanctuary with only 1 day delay  instead of 21st of October &21 of February it Becomes 22 of both months .also the artificial Doms behind them still give the impression  as they are still pieces of the mountain.

Now Abu Simbel back to its position as one of the outstanding touristic site reached from Aswan either by half hour flight from Aswan airport to Abu Simbel airport which is specially established for this temples visit or by four our driving throughout Sahara desert (which is known in Egypt at the western desert).

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