History Of Cairo

The origins of present-day the Egyptian capital of Memphis is rearmost to it. Cairo founded in the early 4th millennium BC near the head of the Nile delta, south of the present city.
Memphis stretched to the north along the east bank of the Nile. and its location has commanded political and strategic power ever since.
It was in Memphis that the Romans constructed their city called Babylon.

Islamic Cairo

Muslim Arabs who immigrated there. from the Arabian Peninsula in AD 641 later called the site Al Fustat.
When A dissident branch of Muslim believers known as the Fatimid conquered Egypt in 969 A.D.
They established their headquarters in the city and called it Al-Qahira (Cairo).
In the 12th century, Christian Crusaders attacked the city.
but the Muslim army from Syria led by Saladin defeated them. then went on to found the powerful Ayyubid Dynasty in the city.
The Mamluke established their capital in Cairo in the 13th century. and the city became renowned through Africa, Asia, and Europe.
Cairo declined after the mid-14 century. but, when bubonic plague, or the black death, struck the city decimating its population. which its also did too much of Europe.
In 1801 the area restored, and The Ottomans conquered it in 1517 and ruled there until 1798.
by the middle of the 19 century, Egypt’s foreign debt and the weakness of the Ottman Empire.
it invited greater European influence in Cairo.
Ismail Pasha, who ruled from 1863 to 1879, built many European styles structures.
and use the occasion of the opening of the Suez canal. northeast of Cairo in 1869 to showcase of the European powers.
Yet, foreign loans fund much of the development that took place during this period. which led to an increase in the national debt and left it.
from the late 19th century through the period after World War I (1914-1918). when the foreign presence in Cairo began to diminish.

Cairo’s population

Cairo’s population grew during the war years, reaching 2 million. by the outbreak of World War II in 1939.
Since that time, the city has continued to boom both population and development.
Some of this population growth resulted from the influx of refugees. from cities along the Suez Canal. that were damaged in the Arab-Israeli wars of the late 1960s and early 1970s.
Many new residential, commercial, structures have changed the city’s landscape as well.

Touristic Cairo

The tourist attraction has proven an important source of foreign revenue for Egypt. and have thus drawn heavy investment from the government.
The city has also benefited from Egypt’s growing international prominence.
The founding of the Arab league in 1945 made Cairo a vital capital. as has Egypt’s ongoing participation in the Middle East peace process.
Yet, in 1981 the city saw a tragic event when Egyptian President Anwar Al-Sadat.
He was assassinated at a military parade. by a cabal of Islamic fundamentalists within the Egyptian army.
Cairo is also an important centre for publishing and other forms of media Its newspaper.
which includes Al-Ahram (founded in 1875) and al-Akhbar (1952). exert wide influence within the Islamic world, as does Radio.
The rich cultural life is further enhanced by local theatre, cinema, dance, and music.
besides the city’s vibrant community of journalists and fiction writers. Naguib Mahfouz, whose fiction has provided a chronicle of the fascinating city.

open museum

Cairo is an open museum of a unique mixture of monuments. pharaonic, Greco-roman, Christians and Islamic monuments.
including the great pharaonic wanders. the pyramids at Giza and Sakkara where the step pyramid.
Also the ancient Coptic churches of the early Christianity including the hanging church. as will a Jewish synagogue.
finally a countless number of Islamic monuments. including mosques, streets, palaces citadels, and houses.

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